Slétta, in its most literal translation means “the flatness”, which is indeed a good term to describe this lowland plane.
The arctic environment, the coastal landscape and its various wetlands create special natural environment for both flora and fauna. Low average summer temperature along with fog humidity affect the area’s vegetation, and plants of arctic origin are characteristic for the area.
Lichen rich heathland is common, especially further inland. A narrow strip of cultivated land is near the coast in some areas, especially in the eastern part. A few rare and/or endangered plant species can be found in the area.
The northern-most areas of Iceland, from Hornstrandir in the west to Langanes peninsula in the east, have been classified as Arctic when it comes to vegetation characteristics as a result of the climate as well as other environmental factors.